Mastering the art of coffee making

DISCAF Coffee Market

Mastering the art of coffee preparation means having great knowledge in many areas of this drink. But you can start with some basics.

For example, learning to ask for coffee and get exactly what you want. And maybe by doing it this way, you'll discover your new favorite way to drink coffee.

We review the most famous coffees, as well as a few local favorites, to help you become the new coffee professor with a nice coffee maker or without it.


Italian espresso coffee is probably the best. It is very intense, black or with cream and a base for other coffees. It is coffee without milk, sugar or any other ingredients, and in Italy it is called simply “caffè”. Its big brother, double espresso, is what sounds like two "espressos" together, doppio. You can make it at home with a barista or espresso machine, at least. Don't think too much about the cream on top because it's not important to the most important part of this coffee: its taste.

FYI, if you are lucky enough to ask for coffee in Italy, don't ask for espresso. They invented it. Just ask for coffee and they will understand what you want. You will probably also get a glass of water with your coffee. Okay, you have to drink this water before you drink your coffee. It's supposed to clear your palate so you can better taste the espresso. DO NOT drink it after coffee.


Ristretto is a delicious choice for coffee lovers. This is a short espresso brewed with less hot water. The result is very concentrated coffee, richer, sweeter than espresso, less bitter. It is usually a one-time coffee, but the taste of a good ristretto can be felt for hours and is hard to forget.

American coffee

Americano is prepared from espresso and hot water. You can also use a coffee maker with a filter to prepare coffee. The taste is less intense and therefore less bitter. This coffee is good for breakfast and is a good choice for those who find espresso too strong.


The famous coffee latte is prepared from three or two parts of milk and one part of coffee. In everyday life, we know that this ratio is random. So feel free to do whatever you like best at home with an espresso base. But please use a milk frother or try using an espresso machine. The taste of milk softens the wonderful bitterness of espresso.


Many people actually think this coffee has whipped cream in it. NO. This is Viennese coffee. Cappuccino is prepared from one or two cups of black espresso, milk and milk foam. Things like sprinkling cocoa or cinnamon on top or even drawing Rorschach-like shapes if the waiter isn't very nice came later. The best temperature to serve a cappuccino is 140°F, so be careful.


With a macchiato, you can expect a coffee with a small amount of milk, like a spot, in your espresso (actually, that's what macchiato means spot). Milk adds a hint of flavor without changing the taste of the espresso too much. Better if you decide to use milk foam. It can also be a long macchiato.

Latte macchiato means changing the order of the ingredients. Instead of brewing coffee and then adding milk, we pour the milk first and then the coffee.


Cortado is a Spanish type of coffee. It is essentially an espresso with as much milk as there is in coffee. There is no milk foam or anything like that in this coffee. It's coffee and a little milk, period. Some people (dads) can get very angry if the amount of milk is not what they want. No jokes with coffee.

Viennese coffee

Here it is: Viennese coffee with whipped cream on top. Its name comes from the city where this coffee was born, Vienna, in Austria. Viennese coffee does not require sugar; whipped cream adds to the delight, and the base for this type of coffee is, as you'd expect (all together, loudly): espresso. Or even doppio.

Cafe bonbon

Yes, a lot of sugar, but it is very tasty. This coffee has a tablespoon of thickening milk (or one part espresso to one part condensed milk). Both ingredients have different densities so they create two separate layers and are served in a crystal glass so you can see that contrast. You can also find the condensed milk + coffee + milk foam option. If you order this coffee, don't forget to get a glass of water too; you will need it.

Mocha or moccasin

Coffee + chocolate = coffee moccasin. The best of both worlds. Definitely not for coffee lovers, but good for others. Add a spoonful of cocoa powder to the espresso. You can use dark, milk or white chocolate. A coffee option for those who love sugar or want an evening coffee.


Carajillo is popular in Spain, at least it was. This is espresso with a liqueur, usually cognac, brandy or any other anise-flavored drink. There are many countries with this type of coffee, with different spirits, quantities and names. In Italy, a caffè corretto is a shot of espresso served with a small amount of liqueur such as sambuca. It is usually taken after lunch or even lunch because it is digestible. But we don't recommend it for breakfast, definitely.

There are many ways to enjoy coffee besides using it as a source of caffeine. You can try, practice and enjoy all these types of coffee at home with a good coffee maker like a barista. In this case, there are many options for using any capsule, making Italian coffee and even making milk foam. Now get to work with the coffee.